Ανοικτά Πε.Δ.Ι.Α [ Far-Open-Seeing / FAR-O-S ] _______________ HTTP://TINY.CC/FAR-O-S _______________ TO 1o ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΟ, ΑΜΙΓΕΣ BLOG-PORTAL ΕΙΔΗΣΕΩΝ ________________ HTTP://TINY.CC/FAR-O-S ______________ - Κάνετε το πέρασμά σας καθημερινό! - Εδώ, εκτός από τα σχόλιά μας, θα βρείτε απλά, εύκολα και γρήγορα, τα καλύτερα posts από πλήθος sites με ειδήσεις για οικονομία, εθνικά, διεθνή, αθλητικά, σοβαρά και λιγότερο σοβαρά αλλά σχεδόν ποτέ... κουτσομπολιά! - Και μαζί με αυτά, πλήθος χρηστικών πληροφοριών και widgets βοηθημάτων γραφείου! _______________ HTTP://TINY.CC/FAR-O-S _______________ Ανοικτά Πε.Δ.Ι.Α [ Far-Open-Seeing / FAR-O-S ] _______________ HTTP://TINY.CC/FAR-O-S _______________ The 1st Greek, NEWS-dedicated, BLOG-based, PORTAL _______________ HTTP://TINY.CC/FAR-O-S _______________

ΕΙΚΟΝΟΜΑΧΙΕΣ!... (1εικόνα=1000λέξεις, 1γελοιογραφία=πόσες 1000άδες;) http://anoikta-pedia.blogspot.gr/ feeds/posts/default?alt=rss ΜΗΠΩΣ ΕΙΝΑΙ ΣΗΜΕΡΑ;
η τυχερή σου μέρα;!
 - 

|

:::::: ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΚΕΣ ::::::


::: ΕΒΔΟΜΑΔΙΑΙΕΣ/ΚΥΡΙΑΚΑΤΙΚΕΣ :::


::: ΑΘΛΗΤΙΚΕΣ: Ελληνικές/Διεθνείς :::


::: ΑΘΛΗΤΙΚΕΣ Στοιχηματικές :::

...το τραγούδι του μήνα:
13.03.2017
Τί σε μέλλει εσένανε
διασκευή...
Slim Gaillard
Επειδή...
η μουσική είναι
η μόνη...
"Παγκόσμια Γλώσσα"!

 



ΤΟ ΚΕΝΤΡΙΚΟ ΣΧΟΛΙΟ ΜΑΣ...

                        - Editorial (so to speak...)



Παρασκευή, 20 Ιανουαρίου 2017

Όοοολο "αριστερά"... Όοοολο "δεξιά"... έλα, έλα... Κατέβα να δεις τί έκανες!!!

Έχω πολύ καιρό τώρα που καθώς παρακολουθώ τα Ελληνικά ΜΜΕ σχηματίζεται όλο και καθαρότερα στο μυαλό μου η ακόλουθη άποψη...

Λοιπόν, ολόκληρος ο δημοσιογραφικός κόσμος (τόσο οι με αριστερές καταβολές όσο και οι με δεξιές καταβολές) επί χρόνια στην Ελλάδα έχουν υιοθετήσει ένα "μοναδικό" πλαίσιο πολιτικής ερμηνείας:

" Όταν η διακυβέρνηση ασκείται από πολιτικούς του χώρου της δεξιάς ή του κέντρου, τότε ασκείται δεξιά ή κεντροδεξιά πολιτική και οι αποτυχίες της αντίστοιχης περιόδου είναι αποτυχίες της δεξιάς ή της κεντροδεξιάς... 
Όταν η διακυβέρνηση ασκείται από πολιτικούς του χώρου της αριστεράς ή κεντροαριστεράς, τότε ασκείται... κεντροδεξιά ή δεξιά πολιτική (!) από κάποια -πάντα- κατ' επίφαση αριστερή ή κεντροαριστερή κυβέρνηση που... "το γύρισε" και κάπως έτσι... αρχίζει η φιλολογία περί του ότι δεν είναι αριστερά αυτή κλπ κλπ... "

Ακόμη και οι πέριξ του ΓΑΠ κυρίαρχη -τότε- μερίδα των ΜΜΕ πιπίλαγε την "καραμέλα" του Ραγκούση ότι:
"Δεν είναι πολιτική ΠΑΣΟΚ η πρόσκληση του ΔΝΤ και τα πρώτα μέτρα, αλλά... να, είμαστε αναγκασμένοι και με βαριά καρδιά, κλπ κλπ..."
Μας τα είχε πρήξει τότε ο Καμπουράκης, ο Πρετεντέρης, η Τρέμη κι άλλοι πολλοί με το δημοφιλές, κατά τον πρώτο καιρό, αυτό... παραμύθι!



Αυτή η ερμηνεία, που απλά στηρίζεται στην λογική ότι η έννοια "αριστερά" δεν είναι συμβατή με συγκεκριμένες πολιτικές, έχει ωστόσο, σοβαρό... πρόβλημα... Εξαιρεί διαχρονικά την "αριστερά" (που σημειωτέο έχει διακυβερνήσει τις 3-4 τελευταίες 10ετίες κατά τα 2/3 έναντι του 1/3 της "δεξιάς") από όποιες, όσες ευθύνες (πολλές και σοβαρές)... χωρίς ούτε καν να τονίζεται, έστω στοιχειωδώς, η εμπειρική (κατά τον ευρέως διαδεδομένο εμπειρισμό...), επιστημονική παρατήρηση ότι:
" Αφού κάθε εφαρμοσμένη πολιτική τα τελευταία 40 έτη, αποκλίνει σοβαρά από την "αριστερά", τότε, αυτό θέτει -εκ των πραγμάτων- υπό αμφισβήτηση το αν υπάρχει πραγματικά εφικτή "αριστερή πολιτική" ή τελικά υπάρχει μόνο θεωρητικό και μη πρακτικά εφαρμόσιμο αριστερό μοντέλο "...

Για να γίνω απλός, υπάρχουν δύο επιλογές:

(α)--- οι "αριστερές" κυβερνήσεις, όταν κάνουν κακές επιλογές, είναι κακές αριστερές κυβερνήσεις και άρα υπάρχει "κακή αριστερά" κατ' αναλογία με την "κακή δεξιά", ή

(β)--- οι "αριστερές" κυβερνήσεις δεν μπορούν να εφαρμόσουν πρακτικά "αριστερές πολιτικές" και καταφεύγουν σε δεξιές πολιτικές, γιατί, στην πράξη και επί χρόνια (δείτε το ως έρευνα πεδίου... και μάλιστα σε κλίμακα 1:1) υπάρχει αδυναμία εφαρμογής "αριστερών πολιτικών". Πράγμα που σημαίνει ότι, στη μεγάλη ευρύτητά τους, αυτές, είναι μη εφαρμόσιμα "θεωρητικά μοντέλα", οπότε όμως, σε αυτή την περίπτωση, η "αριστερά" αποκτά μια θεωρητική, κυρίως, αξία ως ακόνισμα της πολιτικής σκέψης και καλλιέργεια του αξιακού μας μοντέλου και όχι ως πολιτική δύναμη με δυνατότητα διακυβέρνησης...

Εκ των δύο αυτών ερμηνειών-επιλογών οι δημοσιογράφοι (είτε δεξιών, είτε αριστερών καταβολών) της Ελλάδας, υιοθετούν... μια τρίτη!!!

Αυτή που λέει ότι:
" Υπάρχουν -εμφατικά ως κάτι παγκοίνως γνωστό και πολλαπλά αποδεδειγμένο "έμπρακτα"(!)- ρεαλιστικές και εφαρμόσιμες, πρακτικές "αριστερές πολιτικές" και μάλιστα εγγυημένες για την εξαιρετική τους επιτυχία και βιωσιμότητα...αλλά, για κάποιον περίεργο λόγο..., στην Ελλάδα υπάρχει η κυρίαρχη "διαστροφή" με το που εκλέγεται μια "αριστερή" κυβέρνηση να παθαίνει (σαν ασθένεια ένα πράγμα) "αυτόματη δεξιά μετάλλαξη" οπότε η κάθε "αποτυχημένη της πολιτική" είναι αποτυχημένη επειδή είναι της "κακής δεξιάς μετάλλαξής της"... Κι έτσι η "αριστερά" θα είναι τελικά... πάντα λίγο πιο "αριστερά" από αυτό που... ψηφίσαμε, από αυτό που έχουμε επιλέξει (πάλι μας ξέφυγε ρε γαμώτο!!!) και - κυρίως - κατ' αυτή την συλλογιστική η "αριστερά" ουδεμία ευθύνη φέρει - και ούτε θα φέρει στον αιώνα τον άπαντα!!! "



Τώρα γιατί σας τα πρήζω τόση ώρα με όλα αυτά;
Επειδή, φίλοι μου, ο δημοσιογραφικός κόσμος της Ελλάδας, στα πλαίσια της φθοράς της εκάστοτε κυβέρνησης προετοιμάζει (εκ των πραγμάτων γίνεται αυτό μέσω του πολιτικού σχολιασμού και προβληματισμού) αυτό που πρόκειται να ακολουθήσει... Και επί τόσα χρόνια στην Ελλάδα, ο δημοσιογραφικός κόσμος το πράττει αυτό -συνειδητά ή ασυνείδητα- κρίνοντας πάντα, την "αριστερά" επειδή δεν ήταν "αριστερά", και ποτέ, επειδή ήταν πιθανά "κακή αριστερά"!

Επί χρόνια λοιπόν, "εκπαιδεύει", με λανθάνοντα τρόπο, την πολιτική σκέψη του πολίτη να αναζητά μια ενδεχομένως... "άπιαστη και... άυλη" ακόμη-πιο-αριστερά (?) παγιδευμένος σε ένα φαύλο κύκλο. Ένα φαύλο κύκλο, που εκτός των άλλων κακών του, συντηρεί τα "άλλοθι" για την συνεχή αναπαραγωγή της απλοϊκότερης (και βολικότερης για τους Έλληνες πολιτικούς) πόλωσης μεταξύ "δεξιάς" και "αριστεράς"... Μιας πόλωσης, όπου, όλοι είναι καλά τακτοποιημένοι και βολεμένοι στον πολιτικό -ελάχιστα ουσιωδώς ιδεολογικό- "χώρο" τους... "τουφεκίζοντας με άσφαιρα" τους "απέναντι" βολεμένους στο δικό τους πολιτικό -και ελάχιστα ουσιωδώς ιδεολογικό- "χώρο"... Ρόλοι μοιρασμένοι και καλά τακτοποιημένοι σε ένα πολιτικό σύστημα που δεν μετεξελίσσεται ούτε παράγει τίποτα εδώ και δεκαετίες!

Επί τόσα χρόνια στην Ελλάδα, ο δημοσιογραφικός κόσμος "εκπαιδεύει" έτσι, τον πολίτη και ποτέ δεν τον βοήθησε και δεν τον βοηθά να κάνει το ΚΛΙΚ προς τη συνειδητοποίηση ότι βρισκόμαστε -εδώ και καιρό πια- σε μια ιστορική φάση που οι εφαρμοσμένες πολιτικές είναι διαχείριση του ενός και του αυτού -απτού και ρεαλιστικού- πράγματος!

Δεν βοήθησε και δεν βοηθά στην συνειδητοποίηση ότι έχει υπάρξει στην Ελλάδα "δεξιά" που ήταν "αριστερότερη" της "αριστεράς" και "αριστερά" που ήταν "δεξιότερη" της "δεξιάς"... και τί σημαίνει αυτό; Σημαίνει ότι η πολιτική αντιπαράθεση είναι εξαιρετικά σημαντική αν δεν μένει στα απλουστευτικά στερεότυπα, με τα οποία γαλουχήθηκαν και στα οποία εγκλωβίστηκαν οι δικές μας γενιές! Στερεότυπα που αρνούνταν να δουν ότι, υπάρχει κακό και καλό στην αριστερά και στη δεξιά - όταν μιλάμε για τυπικούς πολιτικούς χώρους οι οποίοι δεν "καθαγιάζονται" εκ της "ιδεολογίας" ή (όπως συνηθίζεται σήμερα...) εκ του "αφηγήματος" τους. Και τόσο στην αριστερά όσο και την δεξιά, το καλό τους μπορεί να είναι μόνο η διάθεση για σύγκλιση σε έξυπνες, κοινές, ευέλικτες, αλλά σταθερά στοχευμένες, πολιτικές στρατηγικές, ενώ, το κακό τους είναι ο κριμένος φασισμός, που μπορεί να υπάρχει σε κάθε σχήμα και μορφή, είτε της δεξιάς, είτε της αριστεράς (φασισμός των στεγανών, φασισμός του αφορισμού και δογματισμού, φασισμός της εκμετάλλευσης των θεσμών και του εξευτελισμού του Συντάγματος δια της επιλεκτικής εφαρμογής του, φασισμός "πολάκης" εμφανιζόμενος και "πλευρηκά" πλαγιοκοπών το πολιτικό μας σύστημα).

Γιατί, εν κατακλείδι, αν δεν βοηθήσουν οι Έλληνες δημοσιογράφοι στην επίτευξη συγκλίσεων, πώς θα καταφέρουμε να περάσουμε εμείς οι πολίτες το μήνυμα στους πολιτικούς, ότι, η τελευταία παρτίδα της μοίρας της χώρας μας δεν μπορεί να είναι -για μια ακόμη φορά- αντικείμενο ενός παλιού και απαξιωμένου και τρισάθλιου πολιτικού παιγνίου αντιπαραθέσεων επίπλαστης αυθεντίας, "δεξιάς" ή "αριστεράς";;!



ArchOikos - LipoJan



Παρασκευή, 13 Ιανουαρίου 2017

Ο Χάρτης της ημέρας (001)

Τα δίκτυα φυσικού αερίου στην ευρύτερη περιοχή μας...

Ένας εξαιρετικά χρήσιμος χάρτης από πλευράς γεωστρατηγικής!

Κανένα Ελληνικό ΜΜΕ δεν έχει ποτέ παρουσιάσει εποπτικά -για τον κόσμο- το θέμα...

Τον βρήκα, τον "τσίμπησα", σας τον ανέβασα...





ArchOikos - LipoJan



Πέμπτη, 12 Ιανουαρίου 2017

Πρόβλημα σύνδεσης wifi στα κινητά Huawei P8, P9, P8 Lite, P9 Lite


Φίλη του Blog ζήτησε να αναρτήσουμε το ακόλουθο κείμενό της που αφορά την εμπειρία της από τη διαχείριση προβλήματος του κινητού της από την Huawei Ελλάδας.

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" Τεράστιο πρόβλημα της σύνδεσης wifi στα κινητά Huawei P8, P9, P8 Lite, P9 Lite  


Λυπάμαι που αναρτώ ένα αρνητικό σχολιασμό, αλλά νομίζω πως πρέπει να γίνει γνωστή η δική μου πολύ άσχημη εμπειρία από το κινητό μου τηλέφωνο ώστε να προστατευτούν μελλοντικοί αγοραστές του ή τουλάχιστον να ξέρουν τι μπορεί να τους περιμένει.

Τον Μάρτιο αγόρασα το P8 Lite και από την αρχή ενθουσιάστηκα μαζί του. Αλλά δυστυχώς δεν κράτησε για πολύ ο ενθουσιασμός. Τον Ιούλιο εμφανίστηκε μια γραμμή στην οθόνη του. Στην αρχή διατήρησα την καλή μου διάθεση «οποιοδήποτε κινητό θα μπορούσε να εμφανίσει πρόβλημα με pixel στην οθόνη». Τo service αποκατέστησε το πρόβλημα (ήταν εντός εγγύησης το τηλέφωνο) και όλα ήταν μια χαρά ως τα τέλη του Νοέμβρη, που εμφανίστηκε σοβαρότατο πρόβλημα στο wifi.

Ήταν αδύνατον να συνδεθεί σε οποιοδήποτε ασύρματο δίκτυο! 

Για μία ακόμη φορά η συσκευή μου έφυγε για το service και τη στιγμή που γράφεται το συγκεκριμένο κείμενο (12.01.2017) βρίσκεται εκεί ήδη 28 ημέρες σε αναμονή ανταλλακτικού!

Αναρωτιέμαι πώς είναι δυνατόν μια εταιρεία με το κύρος της Huawei να παραδέχεται ότι «τα P8 Lite και τα P8 καθώς και τα P9 και P9 LIte δυστυχώς το έχουν αυτό το πρόβλημα!» και να μην έχει κάνει όλες τις απαραίτητες ενέργειες για να αποκαταστήσει ένα τόσο δημοφιλές και τόσο καταπληκτικό - κατά τα άλλα - μοντέλο της. Αναρωτιέμαι γιατί, ενώ, το καινούριο μου τηλέφωνο δεν έχει προλάβει να κλείσει καν χρόνο, έχω χρεωθεί δύο φορές μεταφορικά για να το στείλω στο service και ακόμη δεν υπάρχει καμία επίσημη απάντηση σχετικά με το πότε θα το έχω πίσω, επειδή βρισκόμαστε ακόμη σε αναμονή για την πλακέτα.

Έχω μείνει χωρίς τηλέφωνό για χρονικό διάστημα 1,5 μήνα (συνολικά) και ακόμη είναι αβέβαιο το πότε θα αποκατασταθεί τελικά η βλάβη του. Πώς είναι δυνατόν να είμαι ευχαριστημένη ως πελάτης της Huawei;

Έχω ενημερώσει την εταιρία ότι το τηλέφωνό μου - με τα χαρακτηριστικά και τις δυνατότητες που διαθέτει και αποτελούν λόγο που το αγόρασα - είναι απαραίτητο εργαλείο για τη δουλειά μου - και όχι μέσο ψυχαγωγίας - και ήδη είχα συνέπειες άσχημες επειδή το κινητάκι που έχω για αντικατάσταση δεν τα έβγαλε πέρα κάποιες φορές. Τελικά ποιά είναι η λύση; Να αγοράσω άλλο ένα τηλέφωνο για τις φορές που το P8 Lite με κρεμάει; Είναι απελπιστικό να έχω ένα καινούριο κινητό και στην πραγματικότητα να μην το έχω!

Πιστεύω πως ένα τέτοιο πολύ σημαντικό πρόβλημα που η Huawei στάθηκε ανεπαρκής στο να το λύσει, πρέπει να γνωστοποιηθεί.



ΥΓ: Αυτό που μου κάνει εντύπωση είναι το εξής: Πριν την αγορά του συγκεκριμένου κινητού είχα ελέγξει με μεγάλη προσοχή τα reviews και στην Ελλάδα και στο εξωτερικό και πουθενά δεν είχε εμφανιστεί το πρόβλημα της σύνδεσης στο wifi! Ωστόσο αφού συνάντησα το πρόβλημα στο δικό μου κινητό μου γνωστοποιήθηκε από το service ότι "ναι αυτό το πρόβλημα το παρουσιάζουν δυστυχώς τα P8, P9 και οι Lite εκδοχές τους". Γι αυτό, το κάνω γνωστό, ώστε τουλάχιστον να υπάρχει πλέον το δικό μου review για ενημέρωση και των μελλοντικών πιθανών αγοραστών. "


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ArchOikos_________

Τετάρτη, 11 Ιανουαρίου 2017

President Obama: Farewell Speech - Chicago 1/10/17 (Absent on Greek Media)

No major Media in Greece payed any attention to this highly important event! Like if it never happened!!!

So narrow minded (the Greek Media) to understand that it is so significant to know how people in the US respond on major strategies on political level both on national and global matters!

To "bridge" this Greek-Media's gap-of-information here is the full public speech of President Obama, together with the public feeling... in video:



... and here it is in text:

" Hello Chicago! It's good to be home! Thank you everybody. Thank you so much, thank you, thank you. Alright, everybody sit down. We're on live TV here, I gotta move. You can tell that I'm a lame duck, 'cuz nobody's following instructions. Everybody have a seat.

My fellow Americans, Michelle and I have been so touched by all the well-wishes that we've received over the past few weeks, but tonight it's my turn to say thanks.

Whether we have seen eye to eye, or rarely agreed at all, my conversations with you the American people, in living rooms, schools, farms, on factory floors, and diners, and on distant military outposts, those conversations are what have kept me honest, and kept me inspired, and kept me going. And everyday I have learned from you. You made me a better President, and you made me a better man.

So I first came to Chicago when I was in my early twenties, and I was still trying to figure out who I was, still searching for a purpose in my life, and it was a neighborhood not far from here where I began working with church groups in the shadows of closed steel mills. It was on these streets where I witnessed the power of faith, and the quiet dignity of working people in the face of struggle, and loss... (crowd erupts into "four more years!" chant) I can't do that. Now this is where I learned that change only happens when ordinary people get involved and they get engaged and they come together to demand it.

After eight years as your president, I still believe that. And it's not just my belief, it's the beating heart of our American idea, our bold experiment in self-government. It's the conviction that we are all created equal, and endowed by our creator certain unalienable rights, among them life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. It's the insistence that these rights, while self-evident, have never been self-executed. That we the people, through the instrument of our democracy, can form a more perfect union.

What a radical idea, that great gift that our founders gave us. The freedom to chase our individual dreams, through our sweat and toil, and imagination. And the imperative to strive together as well, and achieve a common goal, a greater goal.

For 240 years, our nation's call to citizenship has given work and purpose to each new generation. It's what led patriots to chose republic over tyranny. Pioneers to trek west. Slaves to brave that makeshift railroad to freedom. It's what pulled immigrants and refugees across oceans. And the Rio Grande. It's what pushed women to reach for the ballot. It's what powered workers to organize. It's why GI's gave their lives at Omaha Beach. And Iwo Jima, Iraq, and Afghanistan. And why men and women from Selma to Stonewall were prepared to give theirs as well.

So, that's what we mean when we say America is exceptional. Not that our nation's been flawless from the start, but that we have shown the capacity to change. And make life better for those who follow. Yes, our progress has been uneven, the work of democracy has always been hard, it's always been contentious. Sometimes it's been bloody. For every two steps forward, it often feels we take one step back. But the long sweep of America has defined by forward motion. A constant widening of our founding creed to embrace all, and not just some.

If I had told you eight years ago that America would reverse a great recession, reboot our auto industry, and unleash the longest stretch of job creation in our history, if I had told you that we would open up a new chapter with the Cuban people, shut down Iran's nuclear weapons program without firing a shot, take out the mastermind of 9/11. If I had told you that we would win marriage equality and secure the right to health insurance for another 20 million of our fellow citizens, if I had told y'all that, you might have said, our sights were set a little too high. But that's what we did. That's what you did. You were the change.

You answered people's hopes, and because of you, by almost every measure, America is a better, stronger place than it was when we started.

In ten days, the world will witness a hallmark of our democracy (crowd boos) no, no, no, no. no. The peaceful transfer of power from one freely-elected president to the next. I committed to President-elect Trump that my administration would ensure the smoothest possible transition, just as President Bush did for me. Because, it's up to all of us to make sure our government can help us meet the many challenges we still face. We have what we need to do so. We have everything we need to meet those challenges, after all, we were made the wealthiest, most powerful and most respected nation on Earth. Our youth, our drive, our diversity and openness, our boundless capacity for risk and reinvention means that the future should be ours. But that potential will only be realized if our democracy works.

Only if our politics better reflects the decency of our people. Only if all of us, regardless of party affiliation, or particular interests, help restore the sense of common purpose that we so badly need right now. That's what I want to focus on tonight, the state of our democracy.

Understand, democracy does not require uniformity. Our founders argued, they quarreled, eventually they compromised. They expected us to do the same. But they knew that democracy does require a basic sense of solidarity.

The idea that for all our outside differences, we're all in this together, that we rise or fall as one. There have been moments throughout our history that threatened that solidarity. The beginning of this century has been one of those times. A shrinking world, growing inequality, demographic change, and the specter of terrorism. These forces haven't just tested our security and our prosperity, but are testing our democracy as well. And how we meet these challenges to our democracy will determine our ability to educate our kids, and create good jobs, and protect our homeland. In other words, it will determine our future.

To begin with, our democracy won't work without a sense that everyone has economic opportunity. And the good news is that today the economy is growing again, wages, incomes, home values, and retirement counts are all rising again, poverty is falling again. The wealthy are paying a fair share of taxes, even as the stock market shatters, the unemployment rate is near a ten-year low, the uninsured rate has never ever been lower, health care costs are rising at the slowest rate in fifty years, and I've said and I mean it, if anyone can put together a plan that is demonstrably better than the improvements we've made to our health care system, that covers as much people at less cost, I will publicly support it.

Because that, after all, is why we serve. Not to score points or take credit, but to make people's lives better. But for all the real progress that we've made, we know it's not enough. Our economy doesn't work as well, or grow as fast when a few prosper at the expense of a growing middle class, and ladders for folks who want to get into the middle class. That's the economic argument, but stark inequality is also corrosive to our democratic idea. While the top one percent has amassed a bigger share of wealth and income, too many of our families in inner-cities, and in rural counties have been left behind. The laid-off factory worker, the waitress, or healthcare worker who's just barely getting by and struggling to pay the bills, convinced that the game is fixed against them, that their government only serves the interests of the powerful, that's a recipe for more cynicism and polarization than our politics.

There are no quick fixed to this long-term trend. I agree, our trade should be fair, and not just free. But the next wave of economic dislocations won't come from overseas, it will come from the relentless pace of automation that makes a lot of good, middle-class jobs obsolete. And so we're going to have to forge a new social compact, to guarantee all our kids the education they ned. To give workers the power to unionize for better wages. To update the social safety net to reflect the way we live now, and make more reforms to the tax code so corporations and individuals who reap the most from this new economy don't avoid their obligations to the country that's made their very success possible.

We can argue about how to best achieve these goals, but we can't be complacent about the goals themselves. For if we don't create opportunity for all people, the disaffection and division that has stalled our progress will only sharpen in years to come.

There's a second threat to our democracy, and this one is as old as our nation itself. After my election there was talk of a post-racial America. And such a vision, however well-intended, was never realistic. Race remains a potent, and often divisive force in our society. Now I've lived long enough to know that race relations are better than they were ten or twenty or thirty years ago, no matter what some folks say. You can see it, not just in statistics, you see it in the attitudes of young Americans across the political spectrum. But we're not where we need to be, and all of us have more work to do. If every economic issue is framed as a struggle between a hardworking white middle-class, and an undeserving minority, then workers of all shades are gonna be left fighting for scraps while withdraw further into their private enclaves.

If we're unwilling to invest in the children of immigrants just because they don't look like us, we will diminish the prospects of our own children, because those brown kids will represent a larger and larger share of America's workforce. And we have shown that our economy doesn't have to be a zero-sum game. Last year, incomes rose for all races, all age groups, for men and for women. So, if we're going to be serious about race, going forward, we need to uphold laws against discrimination, in hiring, and in housing, and in education, and in the criminal justice system. That is what our Constitution and our highest ideals require.

But laws alone wont' be enough. Hearts must change. They won't change overnight, social attitudes oftentimes take generations to change. But if our democracy is to work the way it should in this increasingly diverse nation, then each one of us need to try to heed the advice of a great character in American fiction, Atticus Finch, who said, "you never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view." Until you climb into his skin, and walk around in it. For blacks, and other minority groups, that means tying our own very real struggles for justice to the challenges that a lot of people in this country face. Not only the refugee, or the immigrant, or the rural poor, or the transgender American, but also the middle-aged white guy, who from the outside may seem like he's got advantages, but has seen his world upended by economic, and cultural, and technological change. We have to pay attention, and listen.  

For white Americans it means acknowledging that the effects of slavery and Jim Crow didn't suddenly vanish in the sixties, that when minority groups voice discontent, they're not just engaging in reverse racism, or practicing "political correctness," when they wage peaceful protests, they're not demanding special treatment, but the equal treatment that our founders promised.

For native-born Americans it means reminding ourselves that the stereotypes about immigrants today were said almost word for word about the Irish, and Italians, and Poles. Who it was said were going to destroy the fundamental character of America. And as it turned out, America wasn't weakened by the presence of these newcomers, these newcomers embraced this nation's creed, and this nation was strengthened.

So, regardless of the station that we occupy, we all have to try harder, we all have to start with the premise that each of our fellow citizens loves this country just as much as we do. That they value hard work and family, just like we do. That their children are just as curious and hopeful and worthy of love as our own. And that's not easy to do. For too many of us, it's become safer to retreat into our own bubbles. Whether in our neighborhoods, or on college campuses, or places of worship, or especially our social media feeds. Surrounded by people who look like us and share the same political outlook and never challenge our assumptions. In the rise of naked partisanship and increasing economic and regional stratification, the splintering of our media into a channel for every taste, all this makes this great sorting seem natural, even inevitable. And increasingly, we become so secure in our bubbles that we start accepting only information, whether it's true or not, that fits our opinions. Instead of basing our opinions, on the evidence that is out there. And this trend represents a third threat to our democracy.

Look, politics is a battle of ideas. That's how our democracy was designed. In the course of a healthy debate we prioritize different goals and the different means of reaching them. But without some common baseline of facts, without a willingness to new information, and concede that your opponent might be making a fair point, and that science and reason matter, then we're gonna keep talking past each other, and we'll make common ground and compromise impossible. Isn't that what, so often, makes politics sort of dispiriting?

How can elected officials rage about deficits when we propose to spend money on preschool for kids, but not when we're cutting taxes for corporations? How do we excuse ethical lapses in our own party, but pounce when the other party does the same thing? It's not just dishonest, this selective sorting of the facts, it's self-defeating. Because, as my mom used to tell me, reality has a way of catching up with you.

Take the challenge of climate change. In just eight years, we've halved our dependence on foreign oil, we've doubled our renewable energy, we've lead the world to an agreement that has the promise to save this planet. But without bolder action, our children won't have time to debate the existence of climate change, they'll be busy dealing with it's effects. More environmental disasters, more economic disruptions, waves of climate refugees seeking sanctuary. Now, we can, and should, argue about the best approach to solve the problem. But to simply deny the problem not only betrays future generations, it betrays the essential spirit of this country, the essential spirit of innovation, and practical problem-solving that guided our founders. It is that spirit born of the enlightenment, that made us an economic powerhouse. The spirit that took flight at Kitty Hawk and Cape Canaveral. The spirit that cures disease, and put a computer in every pocket. It's that spirit, of faith and reason, and enterprise, and the primacy of right over might that allowed us to resist the lure of facism and tyranny during the Great Depression. That allowed us to build a post-World-War-II order with other democracies, an order based not just on military power or national affiliations, but built on principals. The rule of law. Human rights, freedom of religion, and speech, and assembly, and an independent press. That order is now being challenged. First by violent fanatics, who claim to speak for Islam, more recently by autocrats, in foreign capitals, who see free markets and open democracies and civil society itself as a threat to their power.  

The peril each poses to our democracy is more far-reaching than a car bomb or a missile. They represent the fear of change. The fear of people who look or speak or pray differently. A contempt for the rule of law that holds leaders accountable. An intolerance of dissent and free thought. Belief that the sword or the gun or the bomb or the propaganda machine is the ultimate arbiter of what's true and what's right. Because of the extraordinary courage of our men and women in uniform, because of our intelligence officers, and law enforcement, and diplomats who support our troops, no foreign terrorist organization has successfully planned and executed an attack on our homeland these past eight years. And although Boston, and Orlando, and San Bernardino, and Fort Hood remind us of how dangerous radicalization can be, our law enforcement agencies are more effective and vigilant than ever. We have taken out tens of thousands of terrorists, including Bin Laden. The global coalition we're leading against ISIL has taken out their leaders, and taken away about half their territory. ISIL will be destroyed, and no one who threatens America will ever be safe. And all who serve, or have served, it has been the honor of my lifetime to be you commander and chief. And we all owe you a deep debt of gratitude.

But protecting our way of life? That's not just the job of our military. Democracy can buckle when it gives in to fear. So just as we, as citizens, must remain vigilant against external aggression, we must guard against a weakening of the values that make us who we are. And that's why, for the past eight years, I've worked to put the fight against terrorism on a firmer legal footing. That's why we've ended torture, worked to close GTMO, reformed our laws governing surveillance to protect privacy and civil liberties. That's why I reject discrimination against Muslim Americans who are just as patriotic as we are. That's why we cannot withdraw from big global fights, to expand democracy, and human rights, and women's wights, ad LGBT rights.

No matter how imperfect our efforts, no matter how expedient ignoring such values may seem, that's part of defending America. For the fight against extremism, and intolerance, and sectarianism, and chauvinism, are of a piece with the fight against authoritarianism, and nationalist aggression. If the scope of freedom and respect for the rule of law shrinks around the world, the likelihood of war within and between nations increases. And our own freedoms will eventually be threatened.

So let's be vigilant, but not afraid. ISIL will try to kill innocent people, but they cannot defeat America unless we betray our Constitution and principals in the fight. Rivals like Russia or China cannot match our influence around the world unless we give up what we stand for, and turn ourselves into just another big country that bullies smaller neighbors.

Which brings me to my final point. Our democracy is threatened whenever we take it for granted. All of us, regardless of party, should throw ourselves into the task of rebuilding our democratic institutions. When voting rates are some of the lowest among advanced democracies, we should make it easier, not harder, to vote.  When trust in our institutions is low, we should reduce the corrosive influence of money in our politics, and insist on the principles of transparency and ethics in public service. When Congress is dysfunctional, we should draw our districts to encourage politicians to cater to common sense and not rigid extremes.

And all of this depends on our participation; on each of us accepting the responsibility of citizenship, regardless of which way the pendulum of power swings. Our Constitution is a remarkable, beautiful gift.  But it’s really just a piece of parchment.  It has no power on its own.

We, the people, give it power – with our participation, and the choices we make.  Whether or not we stand up for our freedoms. Whether or not we respect and enforce the rule of law. America is no fragile thing. But the gains of our long journey to freedom are not assured.

In his own farewell address, George Washington wrote that self-government is the underpinning of our safety, prosperity, and liberty, but “from different causes and from different quarters much pains will be taken to weaken in your minds the conviction of this truth”; that we should preserve it with “jealous anxiety." That we should reject “the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest or to enfeeble the sacred ties” that make us one.

We weaken those ties when we allow our political dialogue to become so corrosive that people of good character are turned off from public service; so coarse with rancor that Americans with whom we disagree are not just misguided, but somehow malevolent. We weaken those ties when we define some of us as more American than others; when we write off the whole system as inevitably corrupt, and blame the leaders we elect without examining our own role in electing them.

It falls to each of us to be those anxious, jealous guardians of our democracy; to embrace the joyous task we’ve been given to continually try to improve this great nation of ours. Because for all our outward differences, we all share the same proud title:  Citizen.

Ultimately, that’s what our democracy demands. It needs you. Not just when there’s an election, not just when your own narrow interest is at stake, but over the full span of a lifetime. If you’re tired of arguing with strangers on the Internet, try to talk with one in real life. If something needs fixing, lace up your shoes and do some organizing. If you’re disappointed by your elected officials, grab a clipboard, get some signatures, and run for office yourself.  Show up. Dive in. Persevere.

Sometimes you’ll win. Sometimes you’ll lose. Presuming a reservoir of goodness in others can be a risk, and there will be times when the process disappoints you.  But for those of us fortunate enough to have been a part of this work, to see it up close, let me tell you, it can energize and inspire. And more often than not, your faith in America – and in Americans – will be confirmed. Mine sure has been.  

Over the course of these eight years, I’ve seen the hopeful faces of young graduates and our newest military officers. I’ve mourned with grieving families searching for answers, and found grace in a Charleston church. I’ve seen our scientists help a paralyzed man regain his sense of touch, and our wounded warriors walk again. I’ve seen our doctors and volunteers rebuild after earthquakes and stop pandemics in their tracks. I’ve seen the youngest of children remind us of our obligations to care for refugees, to work in peace, and above all to look out for each other.

That faith I placed all those years ago, not far from here, in the power of ordinary Americans to bring about change – that faith has been rewarded in ways I couldn’t possibly have imagined.  I hope yours has, too.

Some of you here tonight or watching at home were there with us in 2004, in 2008, in 2012 – and maybe you still can’t believe we pulled this whole thing off. You’re not the only ones.  

Michelle – for the past 25 years, you’ve been not only my wife and mother of my children, but my best friend.  You took on a role you didn’t ask for and made it your own with grace and grit and style and good humor.  You made the White House a place that belongs to everybody. And a new generation sets its sights higher because it has you as a role model. You’ve made me proud. You’ve made the country proud.

Malia and Sasha, under the strangest of circumstances, you have become two amazing young women, smart and beautiful, but more importantly, kind and thoughtful and full of passion. You wore the burden of years in the spotlight so easily. Of all that I’ve done in my life, I’m most proud to be your dad.

To Joe Biden, the scrappy kid from Scranton who became Delaware’s favorite son:  You were the first choice I made as a nominee, and the best. Not just because you have been a great vice president, but because in the bargain, I gained a brother. We love you and Jill like family, and your friendship has been one of the great joys of our life.

To my remarkable staff:  For eight years – and for some of you, a whole lot more – I’ve drawn from your energy, and tried to reflect back what you displayed every day: heart, and character, and idealism. I’ve watched you grow up, get married, have kids, and start incredible new journeys of your own. Even when times got tough and frustrating, you never let Washington get the better of you. The only thing that makes me prouder than all the good we’ve done is the thought of all the remarkable things you’ll achieve from here.

And to all of you out there – every organizer who moved to an unfamiliar town and kind family who welcomed them in, every volunteer who knocked on doors, every young person who cast a ballot for the first time, every American who lived and breathed the hard work of change – you are the best supporters and organizers anyone could hope for, and I will forever be grateful. Because, yes, you changed the world.

That’s why I leave this stage tonight even more optimistic about this country than I was when we started. Because I know our work has not only helped so many Americans; it has inspired so many Americans – especially so many young people out there – to believe you can make a difference; to hitch your wagon to something bigger than yourselves. This generation coming up, unselfish, altruistic, creative, patriotic, I’ve seen you in every corner of the country. You believe in a fair, just, inclusive America. You know that constant change has been America’s hallmark, something not to fear but to embrace, and you are willing to carry this hard work of democracy forward. You’ll soon outnumber any of us, and I believe as a result that the future is in good hands.

My fellow Americans, it has been the honor of my life to serve you. I won’t stop. In fact, I will be right there with you, as a citizen, for all my days that remain.  For now, whether you’re young or young at heart, I do have one final ask of you as your president, the same thing I asked when you took a chance on me eight years ago:
I am asking you to believe. Not in my ability to bring about change – but in yours. I am asking you to hold fast to that faith written into our founding documents; that idea whispered by slaves and abolitionists; that spirit sung by immigrants and homesteaders and those who marched for justice; that creed reaffirmed by those who planted flags from foreign battlefields to the surface of the moon; a creed at the core of every American whose story is not yet written: "Yes we can. Yes we did. Yes we can."


Thank you. God bless you. And may God continue to bless the United States of America. "



Farewell Mr President.

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